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2020年政府工作报告(4)(中英对照)

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Report on the Work of the Government 2020(4)

2020年政府工作报告(4)

广东快乐十分VIII. Advancing the reform and development of social programs to safeguard and improve living standards

广东快乐十分八、围绕保障和改善民生,推动社会事业改革发展

广东快乐十分Despite the difficulties we face, we must unfailingly meet the basic living needs of our people and address issues of public concern.

面对困难,基本民生的底线要坚决兜牢,群众关切的事情要努力办好。

广东快乐十分We will enhance the public health system. We will always put life above everything else. We will reform the system for disease prevention and control, enhance our capacity for infectious disease prevention and treatment, improve mechanisms for direct reporting and early warning of infectious diseases, and ensure prompt, open, and transparent release of epidemic information. We will make good use of covid-19 bonds, increase inputs into the R&D of vaccines, medicines, and rapid testing technologies, build more medical facilities for epidemic control and treatment, set up more mobile laboratories, ensure emergency supplies, and strengthen public health and epidemic prevention at the primary level. We will step up training of public health personnel. We will carry out extensive activities to improve public sanitation. We will enhance public knowledge of how to maintain good health and hygiene, and promote healthy and positive lifestyles. We need to greatly enhance our prevention and control capability, resolutely prevent a resurgence of covid-19, and protect the health of our people.

广东快乐十分加强公共卫生体系建设。坚持生命至上,改革疾病预防控制体制,加强传染病防治能力建设,完善传染病直报和预警系统,坚持及时公开透明发布疫情信息。用好抗疫特别国债,加大疫苗、药物和快速检测技术研发投入,增加防疫救治医疗设施,增加移动实验室,强化应急物资保障,强化基层卫生防疫。加快公共卫生人才队伍建设。深入开展爱国卫生运动。普及卫生健康知识,倡导健康文明生活方式。要大幅提升防控能力,坚决防止疫情反弹,坚决守护人民健康。

We will improve basic medical services. We will raise government subsidies for basic medical insurance for rural and non-working urban residents by an average of 30 yuan per person, and pilot inter-provincial on-the-spot settlement of outpatient bills through basic medical insurance accounts. We will provide support to medical institutions badly affected by the epidemic. The comprehensive reform of public hospitals will be furthered. We will develop Internet Plus Healthcare models and build regional medical centers. We will increase our capacity for providing medical services in urban and rural communities and continue developing the tiered diagnosis and treatment model. We will promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine and its use alongside Western medicine. We will work to ensure harmony in the relationship between doctor and patient. Supervision over food and drugs will be tightened up to guarantee their safety.

广东快乐十分提高基本医疗服务水平。居民医保人均财政补助标准增加30元,开展门诊费用跨省直接结算试点。对受疫情影响的医疗机构给予扶持。深化公立医院综合改革。发展“互联网+医疗健康”。建设区域医疗中心。提高城乡社区医疗服务能力。推进分级诊疗。促进中医药振兴发展,加强中西医结合。构建和谐医患关系。严格食品药品监管,确保安全。

We will develop more equitable and higher-quality education. We will place importance on fostering virtue in education. We will see that teaching in primary and secondary schools and entrance examinations for senior high school and university are well-organized. We will strengthen the development of boarding schools in townships and towns, small rural schools, and schools in county seats. We will improve policies on providing access to compulsory education to children living with their migrant worker parents in cities. We will provide quality special needs education and continuing education, and give support to private schools while also keeping them well-regulated. We will develop public-interest pre-school education and help private kindergartens overcome difficulties. We will promote development of substance in higher education, develop world-class universities and world-class disciplines, and support the development of colleges and universities in the central and western regions. We will expand the enrollment of students from rural and poor areas at colleges and universities. We will develop vocational education. We will strengthen the ranks of teachers, and promote the application of information technology in education. We will ensure a steady level of investment in education, improve the mix of educational spending, and narrow the gaps between urban and rural areas, between regions, and between schools, so as to make educational resources accessible to all our families and children and enable them to embrace a brighter future.

推动教育公平发展和质量提升。坚持立德树人。有序组织中小学教育教学和中高考工作。加强乡镇寄宿制学校、乡村小规模学校和县城学校建设。完善随迁子女义务教育入学政策。办好特殊教育、继续教育,支持和规范民办教育。发展普惠性学前教育,帮助民办幼儿园纾困。推动高等教育内涵式发展,推进一流大学和一流学科建设,支持中西部高校发展。扩大高校面向农村和贫困地区招生规模。发展职业教育。加强教师队伍建设。推进教育信息化。要稳定教育投入,优化投入结构,缩小城乡、区域、校际差距,让教育资源惠及所有家庭和孩子,让他们有更光明未来。

广东快乐十分We will make greater efforts to meet people's basic living needs. We will increase the basic pension for retirees and the minimum basic old-age pension for rural and non-working urban residents. We will realize provincial-level collection and spending of enterprise workers' basic pension funds and increase the proportion of these funds under central government allocation. Close to 300 million people in our country live on pensions, and we must ensure they receive their benefits on time and in full. We will ensure implementation of preferential treatment policies for demobilized military personnel, and ensure benefits for the families of people who have died in service of the public. We will extend the coverage of unemployment insurance and see that rural migrant workers and others out of work who are in the scheme less than a year are covered in the locality where they are living. The social assistance system will be improved. Subsistence allowances will be expanded to cover all families in difficulty, and such allowances will be made promptly available to eligible urban unemployed people and migrant workers who have returned home. We will ensure assistance is provided to anyone who runs into temporary difficulty because of disaster, illness, or disability. With these measures, we can ensure that all members of disadvantaged groups have their basic living needs met and that more unemployed people will have the support they need to secure their next job or start their own business.

广东快乐十分加大基本民生保障力度。上调退休人员基本养老金,提高城乡居民基础养老金最低标准。实现企业职工基本养老保险基金省级统收统支,提高中央调剂比例。全国近3亿人领取养老金,必须确保按时足额发放。落实退役军人优抚政策。做好因公殉职人员抚恤。扩大失业保险保障范围,将参保不足1年的农民工等失业人员都纳入常住地保障。完善社会救助制度。扩大低保保障范围,对城乡困难家庭应保尽保,将符合条件的城镇失业和返乡人员及时纳入低保。对因灾因病因残遭遇暂时困难的人员,都要实施救助。要切实保障所有困难群众基本生活,保民生也必将助力更多失业人员再就业敢创业。

广东快乐十分We will organize rich intellectual and cultural activities for our people. We will foster and practice core socialist values, and continue to develop philosophy and social sciences, the press, publishing, radio, film, and television. The protection and use of cultural relics and the preservation of intangible cultural heritage will be improved. We will improve public cultural services, make preparations for the 2022 Winter Olympics and Paralympics in Beijing, and encourage people to exercise and keep fit and embrace a culture of reading. With these endeavors, our people will be full of vitality and striving to pursue excellence and moral integrity.

丰富群众精神文化生活。培育和践行社会主义核心价值观,发展哲学社会科学、新闻出版、广播影视等事业。加强文物保护利用和非物质文化遗产传承。加强公共文化服务,筹办北京冬奥会、冬残奥会,倡导全民健身和全民阅读,使全社会充满活力、向上向善。

广东快乐十分We will create new and better ways to conduct social governance. We will improve community management and service mechanisms and strengthen rural governance. We will support the sound development of social organizations, humanitarian assistance, volunteer service, and charity. We will protect the lawful rights and interests of women, children, the elderly, and people with disabilities. We will improve the system for handling public complaints, provide better legal aid, and ensure that justified public demands are addressed promptly and social problems and disputes are handled in the right way. The seventh population census will be carried out. We will strengthen national security capacity building. We will improve the crime prevention and control system, punish crimes in accordance with law, and more effectively carry out the Peaceful China initiative.

加强和创新社会治理。健全社区管理和服务机制。加强乡村治理。支持社会组织、人道救助、志愿服务、慈善事业等健康发展。保障妇女、儿童、老人、残疾人合法权益。完善信访制度,加强法律援助,及时解决群众合理诉求,妥善化解矛盾纠纷。开展第七次全国人口普查。加强国家安全能力建设。完善社会治安防控体系,依法打击各类犯罪,建设更高水平的平安中国。

We will strengthen accountability for workplace safety. We will intensify prevention efforts against flooding, fires, and earthquakes, deliver quality meteorological services, and enhance our capacity for emergency management and rescue and disaster prevention and mitigation. A campaign to enhance workplace safety will be launched. Strong steps will be taken to prevent major and extremely serious accidents.

强化安全生产责任。加强洪涝、火灾、地震等灾害防御,做好气象服务,提高应急管理、抢险救援和防灾减灾能力。实施安全生产专项整治。坚决遏制重特大事故发生。

Fellow Deputies,

各位代表!

In the face of difficult and weighty tasks, governments at all levels must closely follow the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core in thinking, stance, and action and practice the people-centered development philosophy. We must enforce full, rigorous self-discipline of the Party, exercise law-based government administration, build a rule of law government, ensure transparency in all government affairs, and enhance our governance capacity. We will accept, as required by law, the oversight of people's congresses and their standing committees at the same level, and readily subject ourselves to the democratic oversight of the CPPCC, public oversight, and oversight through public opinion. Auditing-based oversight will be stepped up. We will give full play to the role of trade unions, Communist Youth League organizations, women's federations, and other people's organizations. We in the government must readily accept the oversight of the law, supervisory bodies, and the people. We must redouble efforts to build a clean government and crack down on corruption.

广东快乐十分面对艰巨繁重任务,各级政府要自觉在思想上政治上行动上同以习近平同志为核心的党中央保持高度一致,践行以人民为中心的发展思想,落实全面从严治党要求,坚持依法行政,建设法治政府,坚持政务公开,提高治理能力。要依法接受同级人大及其常委会的监督,自觉接受人民政协的民主监督,主动接受社会和舆论监督。强化审计监督。发挥好工会、共青团、妇联等群团组织作用。政府工作人员要自觉接受法律、监察和人民监督。加强廉洁政府建设,坚决惩治腐败。

Government at all levels must take a fact-based approach to work, and keep firmly in mind that we remain in the primary stage of socialism, which is the basic dimension of China's national context. We must abide by objective laws, base everything we do on actual conditions, and deliver in our work. In our efforts to address formalities for formalities' sake, bureaucratism, hedonism, and extravagance, we will put a strong focus on the first two harmful practices, in order to release our primary-level officials from the fetters of pointless formalities and give full rein to their drive. We will stand behind officials who live up to their responsibilities, and we will work to see that they carry out their duties. We must rely closely on the people, respect the pioneering spirit of those working at the primary level, advance reform and opening up with greater force, ignite the dynamism of our society, and bring together the energy and ingenuity of hundreds of millions of Chinese people. This is the source of inspiration that enables us to prevail over all difficulties and challenges. We officials must not shy away in the face of difficulty; we must do solid work and make concerted efforts to pursue development and ensure the wellbeing of the people. As long as we stand together with the people through good times and bad and continue to forge ahead, we can surely fulfill the desire of the Chinese people for a better life.

广东快乐十分各级政府要始终坚持实事求是,牢牢把握社会主义初级阶段这个基本国情,遵循客观规律,一切从实际出发,立足办好自己的事。要大力纠治“四风”,力戒形式主义、官僚主义,把广大基层干部干事创业的手脚从形式主义的束缚中解脱出来,为担当者担当,让履职者尽责。要紧紧依靠人民群众,尊重基层首创精神,以更大力度推进改革开放,激发社会活力,凝聚亿万群众的智慧和力量,这是我们战胜一切困难挑战的底气。广大干部应临难不避、实干为要,凝心聚力抓发展、保民生。只要我们始终与人民群众同甘共苦、奋力前行,中国人民追求美好生活的愿望一定能实现。

This year, we will formulate the 14th Five-Year Plan, thus drawing the blueprint for us to embark on a new journey toward the second Centenary Goal.

广东快乐十分今年要编制好“十四五”规划,为开启第二个百年奋斗目标新征程擘画蓝图。

广东快乐十分Fellow Deputies,

各位代表!

广东快乐十分We will uphold and improve the system of regional ethnic autonomy, support ethnic minorities and ethnic minority areas in accelerating development, and forge a strong sense of community among the Chinese people. We will fully implement the Party's fundamental policy on religious affairs and encourage religious leaders and believers to play an active part in promoting economic and social development. China cares deeply about our overseas nationals, who serve as a crucial bridge linking China and the rest of the world. We will give play to the unique role of overseas Chinese nationals and their family members and relatives at home, and forge a stronger bond of attachment among all the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation. Together, we can create more remarkable achievements.

我们要坚持和完善民族区域自治制度,支持少数民族和民族地区加快发展,铸牢中华民族共同体意识。全面贯彻党的宗教工作基本方针,发挥宗教界人士和信教群众在促进经济社会发展中的积极作用。海外侨胞是祖国的牵挂,是联通世界的重要桥梁,要发挥好侨胞侨眷的独特优势,不断增强中华儿女凝聚力,同心共创辉煌。

广东快乐十分Since last year, we have achieved important progress in strengthening national defense and the armed forces. The people's armed forces demonstrated fine conduct by reacting swiftly to the Party's commands and shouldering heavy responsibilities in covid-19 control. We will thoroughly implement Xi Jinping's thinking on strengthening the armed forces and the military strategy for the new era. We will continue to enhance the political loyalty of the armed forces, strengthen them through reform, science and technology, and the training of capable personnel, and run the military in accordance with law. We will uphold the Party's absolute leadership over the people's armed forces and strictly implement the system of ultimate responsibility resting with the chair of the Central Military Commission. We will advance military training and war preparedness to the best of our ability and firmly safeguard China's sovereignty, security, and development interests. We will complete the crucial tasks laid down in the 13th Five-Year Plan for the development of the armed forces and draw up the 14th Five-Year Plan. We will deepen reforms in national defense and the military, increase our logistic and equipment support capacity, and promote innovative development of defense-related science and technology. We will improve the system of national defense mobilization and ensure that the unity between the military and the government and between the military and the people remains rock solid.

去年以来,国防和军队建设取得重要进展,人民军队在疫情防控中展示了听党指挥、闻令而动、勇挑重担的优良作风。要深入贯彻习近平强军思想,深入贯彻新时代军事战略方针,坚持政治建军、改革强军、科技强军、人才强军、依法治军。坚持党对人民军队的绝对领导,严格落实军委主席负责制。全力加强练兵备战,坚定维护国家主权、安全、发展利益。打好军队建设发展“十三五”规划落实攻坚战,编制军队建设“十四五”规划。深化国防和军队改革,提高后勤和装备保障能力,推动国防科技创新发展。完善国防动员体系,始终让军政军民团结坚如磐石。

We will fully and faithfully implement the policy of One Country, Two Systems, under which the people of Hong Kong govern Hong Kong and the people of Macao govern Macao, with a high degree of autonomy for both regions. We will establish sound legal systems and enforcement mechanisms for safeguarding national security in the two special administrative regions, and see that the governments of the two regions fulfill their constitutional responsibilities. We will support Hong Kong and Macao in growing their economies, improving living standards, and better integrating their development into China's overall development, and help them maintain long-term prosperity and stability.

广东快乐十分我们要全面准确贯彻“一国两制”、“港人治港”、“澳人治澳”、高度自治的方针,建立健全特别行政区维护国家安全的法律制度和执行机制,落实特区政府的宪制责任。支持港澳发展经济、改善民生,更好融入国家发展大局,保持香港、澳门长期繁荣稳定。

广东快乐十分We will adhere to the major principles and policies on work related to Taiwan, uphold the one-China principle, and promote the peaceful growth of relations across the Taiwan Strait on the basis of the 1992 Consensus. We will resolutely oppose and deter any separatist activities seeking “Taiwan independence.” We will improve institutional arrangements, policies, and measures to encourage exchanges and cooperation between the two sides of the Strait, further cross-Strait integrated development, and protect the wellbeing of our fellow compatriots in Taiwan. We will encourage them to join us in opposing “Taiwan independence” and promoting China's reunification. With these efforts, we can surely create a beautiful future for the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

我们要坚持对台工作大政方针,坚持一个中国原则,在“九二共识”基础上推动两岸关系和平发展。坚决反对和遏制“台独”分裂行径。完善促进两岸交流合作、深化两岸融合发展、保障台湾同胞福祉的制度安排和政策措施,团结广大台湾同胞共同反对“台独”、促进统一,我们一定能开创民族复兴的美好未来。

广东快乐十分In the face of the public health crisis, severe economic recession, and other global challenges, all countries should work together. China stands ready to work with other countries to strengthen international cooperation on covid-19 control, promote stability in the world economy, advance global governance, and uphold the international system with the United Nations at its core and an international order based on international law. China is committed to building a human community with a shared future. China will continue to pursue peaceful development, and advance friendship and cooperation with other countries as it opens up wider to the rest of the world. China will remain an important force promoting world peace, stability, development, and prosperity.

应对公共卫生危机、经济严重衰退等全球性挑战,各国应携手共进。中国将同各国加强防疫合作,促进世界经济稳定,推进全球治理,维护以联合国为核心的国际体系和以国际法为基础的国际秩序,推动构建人类命运共同体。中国坚定不移走和平发展道路,在扩大开放中深化与各国友好合作,中国始终是促进世界和平稳定与发展繁荣的重要力量。

广东快乐十分Fellow Deputies,

各位代表!

The Chinese nation has never been daunted in the face of difficulties or obstacles. The Chinese people today have the ability and resolve to overcome all challenges before us. We must rally more closely around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, uphold socialism with Chinese characteristics, and follow the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. Let us meet our challenges head-on, move determinedly forward in the fight against covid-19 and in pursuit of economic and social development, and strive to fulfill the targets and tasks for this year. Let all of us work together with perseverance to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful, and realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation.

广东快乐十分中华民族向来不畏艰难险阻,当代中国人民有战胜任何挑战的坚定意志和能力。我们要更加紧密地团结在以习近平同志为核心的党中央周围,高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,迎难而上,锐意进取,统筹推进疫情防控和经济社会发展,努力完成全年目标任务,为把我国建设成为富强民主文明和谐美丽的社会主义现代化强国、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦不懈奋斗!

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